Prices skyrocketed a couple of weeks after I picked up my third copy, with a single raw Pichu selling on Yahoo! Japan Auctions for ¥267,000 (~$2,492), which was then the highest a Pichu card had ever sold for publicly. What do we know about this obscure and - until recently - under the radar release?

My unlimited E1 Pichu cards (picture from my Instagram feed).
My unlimited E1 Pichu cards (picture from my Instagram feed).

I first learned about these cards from a thread posted back in May 2017 on Elite Fourum by member unlimited_spaghetti titled Japanese Unlimited E Series 1 Cards (Base Expansion Pack).[1] In the the couple of months after that post was made it started to become clear that with the exception of both Charizard and Pichu, all of the cards appeared to match those usually found as 1st Edition in Japan’s Pokémon-e Starter Deck.

2002 Shogakukan Spring Break Illustration Contest

This was further cemented when unlimited_spaghetti shared a link to a tweet posted by Japanese Twitter user にるよめ@CGF which had been posted 5 months before the Elite Fourum thread had been created.[2]

In this tweet was a scan of a section of a 2002 CoroCoro Comic page which featured a stock image of an unlimited Pokémon-e Starter Deck Typhlosion alongside a pecuilar Pokémon-e Starter Deck with red text and a Great Ball instead of a Poké Ball:

Image shared by にるよめ@CGF on Twitter.
Image shared by にるよめ@CGF on Twitter.

After a bit of research (and thanks to Japanese website zoidsland which has a load of CoroCoro Comic scans), I managed to pinpoint that this was from the April 2002 issue.[3] Readers were given a template featuring Pikachu, the Pichu Brothers and Wynaut and were tasked with colouring and extending the template and sending their design in to win one of 4 possible prizes:

  • Highest award (1 person): Game Boy Advance;
  • Outstanding performance award (10 people): Latias and Latios gift bag;
  • Special award (30 people): The Guardians of Altomare DVD;
  • Lucky award (50 people): Pokémon-e Starter Deck.
Page from CoroCoro Comic April 2002.
Page from CoroCoro Comic April 2002.

The July 2002 issue of CoroCoro Comic revealed that the winner of the Game Boy Advance was Hokkaido / Marie Takeda (北海道 / 武田 万理恵さん), although it didn’t mention anything about any other of the runner-ups.[4]

The winning design by Hokkaido / Marie Takeda.
The winning design by Hokkaido / Marie Takeda.

It’s worth noting at this point that almost all stock images of Japanese cards from both the Pokémon-e Starter Deck and Base Expansion Pack were unlimited variants. There is no proof that the box awarded by the 2002 illustration contest had unlimited cards in, however the contest did take place 5 months after the set had originally been released, making it a very strong contender.

Whilst this box may explain the cards usually found in the Pokémon-e Starter Deck, it didn’t explain the Charizard or Pichu card which weren’t found in this set.

Pokémon Center Learning Event

Most of the time when these cards appear for sale on Japanese auction websites they appear bundled in with lots of other cards and the seller is seemingly oblivious to them being anything special.

My most recent copy (seen above in the top left corner) was from a Rakuten listing containing other Pokémon-e Series 1 cards.
My most recent copy (seen above in the top left corner) was from a Rakuten listing containing other Pokémon-e Series 1 cards.

Occasionally sellers will be aware that they’re rarer than their 1st edition counterparts and will specifically mention that they have no 1st Edition mark (1EDITIONマークなし). It’s probably important to note at this point that unlike in English, Japan doesn’t use “unlimited” to describe cards which do not have a 1st edition stamp. Unfortunately, these sellers tend to provide no other information about where they may have acquired the cards to begin with.

There was one sale of an unlimited Charizard on Mercari back in 2017, however, which did give us some information. The listing itself is now long gone from Mercari’s website, but a translation of the description was provided by Japanese Elite Fourum member KEI:[5]

An event to teach how to use Pokémon Card e at the Pokémon Center was held. Unlimited E Series 1 was distributed on the last day of the event.

— Mercari unlimited Charizard description (translation by KEI)

Whilst that is really useful information, it doesn’t really tell us what was distributed. The sale was for a Charizard, and it had previously been speculated that this was a card given to staff members at such an event. But what of the Pichu card?

Pokémon Card GB2 Lottery Event

On 23rd May 2021 the seller ヒデスケ on Mercari appeared with 2 unlimited 010 Charmander cards. The description on both mentioned this card was obtained at an event when I was little (このカードは私が幼い頃にイベントで入手したものです). E4 user PidgeySyndicate reached out to them to ask if they could elaborate and they replied with the following:

このカードは2001年頃、近所のジャスコで行われたイベントで入手しました。 確か500円以上関連商品を購入するごとに1回くじ引きをし、当たりは「ポケモンカードGB2」がもらえて、ハズレはeカードが1枚もらえるといった内容だったかと記憶しています。 このカードはそのハズレと言うことになります。

I got this card around 2001 at an event held in my neighborhood Jusco. I remember that every time I purchased a related product for 500 yen or more, I got a lottery once, and I got a "Pokemon Card GB2" for the win, and I got one e-card for the loss. This card will be called the loss.

— ヒデスケ's description of how they obtained these Charmander cards (translated using Google)

JUSCO (Japan United Stores Company) is the largest general shopping franchise in Japan, operating retail outlets throughout the country.

This is the first time any seller to my knowledge has associated either a lottery or the Pokémon Gard GB2 Game Boy Color game to this unlimited set and more research will now need doing to see if we can back that up with any official documentation. What is interesting to note however is that the Pokémon Card GB2 game was first released in March 2001, over 9 months before Japan’s Pokémon-e Series 1 set was released.

Looking through the seller’s history revealed that they had also sold an unlimited Pichu card as part of a bulk lot a little while before.

Cards which have Surfaced

Note: In June 2021 I decided to stop counting individual cards as it was becoming very difficult to determine whether I’d already seen a card before, but for the sake of this article I’ll leave below what I was aware of prior to then as a relic.

Even though I’m writing this note a few months later in November 2021, these counts are now very inaccurate. As an example the Pikachu binder pictured below was shared on Twitter by 阿南雄高(あゆねえ)back in 2018[7] showing 18 unlimited Pikachu cards - more than double what I was aware of below - but was only discovered by the Pokémon community in October 2021.

A picture from Twitter user @takeayu79721's Pikachu binder.
A picture from Twitter user @takeayu79721's Pikachu binder.

As a Pichu collector I spend significantly more of my time searching for Pichu than any other card and because of this I’m currently aware of more unlimited E Series 1 Pichu cards than any other card. It’s likely going to be confirmation bias to assume that these are more common.

I’m continuing to update the list below whenever I see a new copy appear for sale. I’m currently aware of the following:

Pokémon-e Starter Deck

  • 002/029 Bulbasaur - 4 (image)
  • 005/029 Chikorita - 12 (image)
  • 009/029 Charmander - 4 (image)
  • 010/029 Charmander - 6 (image)
  • 011/029 Charmeleon - 12 (image)
  • 013/029 Cyndaquil - 10 (image)
  • 022/029 Totodile - 6 (image)
  • 023/029 Croconaw - 5 (image)
  • 024/029 Feraligatr - 9 (image)

Base Expansion Pack

  • 016/128 Pikachu - 8 (image)
  • 028/128 Clefairy - 10 (image)
  • 029/128 Meowth - 7 (image)
  • 079/128 Charizard - 20 (image, a PSA 9 copy is mislabelled)
  • 082/128 Pichu - 25 (scroll up)

Note that the Pikachu, Clefairy and Meowth are also from the Pokémon-e Starter Deck. These are usually randomly chosen (as 8 of 32 possible cards).[6] It is interesting that we’ve only seen 3 of these cards and they’re all the same kind.

What about Ponyta?

The Japanese Ponyta card from this set was released in unlimited form as an insert in widely-distributed Info Pack volume 4. It is the only unlimited Pokémon-e Series 1 card we have definitive proof of its source, and in reality it’s actually pretty common.


Most of these cards were likely from an unlimited Pokémon-e Starter Deck box. If the Shogakukan illustration contest awarded 50 of these unlimited boxes and there were no other boxes distributed, it could be said that only 50 of each of the cards exist as that would match the contents of the regular box.

There’s still no solid proof of where the Charizard or Pichu came from. Often when they come up for sale from sellers who know of their rarity, those sellers also have cards from the Pokémon-e Starter Deck as well. This implies that they were likely awarded at the same time. Perhaps Shogakukan distributed those alongside the unlimited boxes? Perhaps the unlimited boxes were also from the same learning events and not from the illustration contest at all.

What is for sure is that until an unlimited box appears - which may ever happen - we’ll likely never know.